1.6 pramana viparyaya vikalpa nidra smrtayah

pramana: valid / correct knowledge
viparyaya: inverted, perverse
vikalpa: doubt, indecision, imagination or day-dreaming
nidra: sleep
smrtayah: memory

They are caused by correct knowledge, illusion, delusion, sleep and memory.

The five-fold fluctuations of consciousness.

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